Students in 2nd grade will gain more skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. They continue to learn and practice rules for matching sounds to letters that make up words, and also learn new concepts— such as words that share the same root — that help them figure out the meanings of new words. They will practice spelling with one-syllable short-vowel words before moving onto two- and three-syllable words. They will also learn to create compound words and begin to distinguish between nouns, adjectives, and verbs. Writing will become an exciting way for your child to use newly learned words and phrases to express ideas. Students will read descriptive poems and paragraphs before moving onto personal narratives. They will read realistic fiction and nonfiction texts, and learn the techniques of persuasive writing.
In 2nd grade, your child will build on last year’s work and gain important new skills. One of the most important outcomes for the year is to add and subtract two-digit numbers quickly and accurately (for example, 77 – 28). Another important goal in 2nd grade is to understand what the digits mean in a three-digit number such as 463 (namely, 463 is four hundreds, six tens, and three ones), and use their understanding of these place values to add and subtract three-digit numbers. Your child also will build expertise with solving addition and subtraction word problems in one or two steps. They will also build, draw, and analyze 2-D and 3-D shapes to develop foundations for area, volume, and geometry in later grades. Mastering addition and subtraction at the 2nd grade level is important so that your child will not have to review and repeat this material in 3rd grade, when the study of multiplication, division, and fractions will start.