In first grade, your child will become a more independent reader and writer. Your child will continue to learn and practice rules for recognizing the sounds that make up words and will be able to sound out more complex words. Students will build the capacity to comprehend a wide range of texts, including poems, fables, and nonfiction stories. Students will learn to think about what they read and talk about the main ideas of simple stories. First graders will learn to write for specific people, practicing creative writing and informational writing. They will learn to use facts and opinions to describe and will come to understand the process of revising and publishing.
One of the most important outcomes for the year is to improve speed and accuracy adding with a sum of 20 or less and subtracting from a number 20 or less. Another important goal in first grade is adding with a sum of 100 or less; this will rely on understanding what the digits mean in a number such as 45 (namely, 45 is four tens and five ones). Working with multi-digit addition this year will set the stage for 2nd grade, when your child will be working with three-digit numbers and adding and subtracting with larger numbers. Building on last year’s knowledge of shapes, students will learn how to make composite shapes by joining shapes together, and dividing circles and rectangles into halves or fourths. They will also practice measuring lengths of objects by using a shorter object as a unit of length.